6 Common Illnesses In Children

Giving birth to a baby is a really challenging experience for any woman. But taking care of your children after delivery may be a bigger challenge. Of course, seeing your little one grow up healthy and strong without any sickness is your most desired thing. However, there are several illnesses that your baby may get throughout their childhood. Let’s check out 6 common illnesses in children’s daily life. We will help you understand the signs, symptoms as well as some treatment to ease your baby discomfort and prevent the sicknesses.

Constipation

Constipation in children is quite a common problem nowadays. Reports show that about 30% of children at the age of 1 – 3  are affected by constipation. A constipated baby has infrequent bowel movements or hard, dry stools. There are several factors that can affect the chance of constipation. This includes the type of foods your baby consumed, their digest system function, and how active they are. Each baby will have their own cycle. If you find your baby has not to poop in 3 days or they find it hard to poops, there is a chance that they are constipated. In addition, if you find loose stools in your newborn’s diapers, don’t assume that your baby has diarrhea. Chances are it’s a sign of constipation. Loose stool can pass through hard stool in the intestine and then into the diaper.

To deal with children’s constipation, you should encourage your child to make simple dietary changes. Try to guide them to eat more fiber-rich fruits, vegetables, and drink more water. If the constipation is not reducing, you should take your baby to the doctors for further treatments.

Cough and Cold

On average, a child usually catches a cold 2 to 4 times a year. This number can even increase to 3 – 5 times per year when your baby is just a few years old.  There are hundreds of viruses and bacteria that can cause colds. They can be transmitted in several ways and in different places.  Therefore, your baby with their immature immune system is unable to completely resist these viruses with his immature immune system, he could not resist. On top of that, your baby tends to touch their hands to everything frequently, especially their mouth. This makes the cold virus more likely to invade the baby’s immune system.

The Typical signs of a cold include a runny nose (with clear, yellowish or greenish snot), sneezing, and possibly a mild fever. In some cases, your baby can begin to cough, have a sore throat, or ear pain.  A child with a cold can continue to play and eat normally. However, the feeling of a stuffy nose, shortness of breath often makes babies uncomfortable whenever they have a runny nose. The discomfort feelings can make your baby tired and irritable. 

A lot of mothers use antibiotics right away if they see their children get a cold. This is not recommended as it may cause antibiotics resistance later. Instead, you should let your baby’s immune system work to cure itself. You can support your baby by keeping them at a suitable temperature and making nutritious foods to strengthen the immune system. Soon the colds will go away.  Normal colds normally last for a maximum of 10 days. Illnesses like the flu usually develop quickly, while allergies usually last long and do not cause fever. You can also consult your doctor for advice and guidance.

Diaper Rash

Diaper rash is a popular phenomenon among infants. It normally appears as a patchwork of bright red skin on your baby’s bottom. This is not an indication that your baby is sloppy or dirty. In fact, any baby can get a diaper rash as their skin is still sensitive and easily intimidated. 

Wet diapers are the main cause of diaper rashes.  Even the most absorbent diaper on the market cannot completely absorb urine from your baby’s delicate skin. Urine mixed with bacteria in your baby’s waste will turn into ammonia that irritates the skin and lead to rashes. Infrequently diaper change can also be a reason for diaper rashes. If you find your baby uncomfortable or irritable when you haven’t changed their diaper for a while, they may have a diaper rash.  A baby with a diaper rash often fusses or cries when the diaper area is washed or touched.

A diaper rash can clean up on its own with some simple treatment like air drying, more frequent diaper changes, and ointment. You can try to look up for a suitable diaper rash cream for your baby.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is one of the illnesses that are easy to recognize but hard to deal with. Unlike the normal loose stools, diarrhea makes your baby poops more frequent and loose. Sometimes it also smells very bad. Breastfed babies often have soft stools but still, have a distinctive shape. Feces smell like butter or have no smell. 

Diarrhea can last for several days and is often accompanied by cramping pain. There are also some different kinds of diarrhea. Acute diarrhea is a common disease in children. Reports show that 1 in 6 babies must have a visit to the doctors because of this disease. Diarrhea caused by a viral infection is accompanied by symptoms such as vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, chills, and aches. The infection can be accompanied by cramping, blood in the stool, fever, and even vomiting. Sometimes food allergies or antibiotic reactions can also cause diarrhea. Drinking a lot of juice is also a common cause. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that fruit juice should not be given to children younger than 6 months old, nor should they drink more than 120ml a day. 

As it is hard to know what caused diarrhea just by bare eyes, you should take your baby to your doctor or the hospital to diagnose and treatments

Ear Infections

Ear infections are ranked second in the top common illnesses in infants. About 90% of children under 3 years old have ear infections. Some babies are even reinfected many times. The main reason is due to the baby’s body structure. Ear infections lead to ear swelling, ear painThe small space behind each eardrum is connected to the back of the throat by a small tube called a Eustachian tube. Anything that can affect the function of the Eustachian tube or block the drainage of fluid from the middle ear can increase the risk of infection. Normally the viruses, bacteria, and fluids stuck behind a baby’s eardrum are the main cause of infections. 

This often happens with a cold or allergy. Babies with horizontal Eustachian tubes are more likely to get ear infections. As the baby’s head grows, the tube will have an angle that makes it easier to ventilate the middle ear, thereby reducing the chance of ear infections

Ear infections are more likely to occur if your baby is exposed to cigarette smoke, crowded place, or bottle-feeding while he or she is lying down. Prolonged use of pacifiers may also increase the risk of ear infections. Even sometimes ear infections suddenly appear without a specific reason.

Ear infections lead to ear swelling, ear pain, and often fever. As your baby feels uncomfortable, you may notice them pull or rub their ears. In some cases, they can feel nauseous, tired, or even have diarrhea.  You can notice some sudden behavior changes in your baby as well. 

You should clean your baby’s ear regularly to prevent ear infections.

Vomiting

You will see your baby throw up some when they are fed. However, most babies don’t show discomfort when they spit out part of the last meal. There is nothing to worry about unless the situation is repeated many times or your baby shows discomfort when vomiting.
Like other illnesses, there are several possibilities that can lead to vomiting in children. Gastritis – viral enteritis, urinary tract infection, ear infections, or problems with overeating may be the reason. Some other possibilities include allergies, poisoning, coughing, or crying too much. In addition, a cranky, frustrated child can literally make themself vomit.

There you go, now you have the 6 common illnesses in babies. Although there may be home treatments for them,  it is highly recommended that you consult your doctors if the situation gets worse. Do you have any questions? Let us know in the comments!