Nosebleeds are quite common in kids at the age of 3 – 10 years old. It can be caused just by some simple actions of your children. Nose bleeding may seem simple and not so dangerous. However, if your kids do not get treated promptly, it may lead to infection or some dangerous disease. So to help you know about this condition as well as how to deal with it, here is our guide about nosebleeds in children.
Causes of nosebleeds
Nosebleeds are bleeding from the nasal mucosa to the front or back of the nose to the throat. This phenomenon appears frequently in young children, especially children from 3 to 10 years old. The condition of blood bleeding from the inside of the nose occurs when the blood vessels of the nose are damaged. The possible causes are:
- The mucosa in the nose is slightly injured when your kids pick or scratch their nose.
- A direct hit on the nose causes a strong injury.
- Nosebleeds are caused by coagulopathy.
- Respiratory infections.
- Your kids are lacking vitamins and minerals, especially Vitamin C deficiency reduces respiratory resistance.
- Abnormal objects appear in the airways, when there is blood flowing on one side of the nose, the other side has pus.
- Dry air, low humidity makes the mucosa dry, reduces its elasticity, makes it easily damaged, and leads to bleeds.
- A genetic element like a nasal tumor
There are also some unexplained cases of nosebleeds. However, in most of them, the bleeding will normally stop by itself in a short time
Steps to Deal with Nosebleeds
There are 3 steps to deal with your child’s nosebleeds that are recommended:
Step 1: Find out which side of the nose is bleeding
In most cases, kids only have nosebleeds on one side of the nose. However, due to fear or itchiness, they may react to rub and wipe the nose, making it difficult for you to recognize which side is bleeding. Finding out the bleeding side will make it easier for you to treat nosebleeds more properly, without harming the other side.
So when your children are having nosebleeds, you should stay calm and reassure your child. Let them sit down in a chair or on your lap. Do not let your children rub or wipe their nose. You should use a wet towel to gently wipe the blood outside the nose. After that, let your baby’s head slightly bowed to let the blood flow out. Doing this will help you recognize which side of the nose is bleeding. At the same time, this bowed posture also prevents blood from flowing back toward the throat which can cause gagging, coughing, or vomiting.
Step 2: Stope the Nose bleeding.
Once you know which side of your baby’s nose is bleeding, you should gently press your finger on the soft part of the nose below the nasal bridge. Keep your child upright and gently tilt their head forward slightly just a little bit and hold the position for 5-10 minutes to stop bleeding. Do not squeeze the nasal spine or press down the nose because it can hurt and make the bleeding worse. The gentle pressure helps to form blood clots that prevent blood flow and stop the bleeding. You should not release your fingers too soon as it will make your child make your kids bleed again. You can also apply ice to the bridge of the nose, which may reduce blood flow.
Step 3: Take care of your baby after nosebleeds
After the bleeding has stopped, you should let your baby rest in a calm state. If the nosebleeds continue to flow, let your baby lay on their side so that the nosebleeds flow out. Do not let them lie on their back as it will make the blood follow back to their throat. Swallowing this blood may cause poisoning, vomiting, or abdominal pain. After 10-15 minutes, if the blood does not stop flowing, you should take your child to the nearest hospital or medical facility immediately for timely treatment.
Consult With Your Doctors If Your Child’s Nosebleeds Get Worse
Nosebleeds normally stop when you treat them properly and do not require other medical treatment. However, there is a chance that your kid’s nose bleeding may get worse. As mentioned, if you have followed the treatment steps but the blood does not stop after 10 – 15 minutes, you should take your baby to the doctors immediately. You should also keep an eye on your kids if their nose bleeds are accompanied by bruising on the body or bleeding simultaneously in other areas. In some cases that a child is having diseases or conditions that affect the blood clotting function, nose bleeding may be hard to stop. So make sure to consult your doctors for the best advice.
There you go, now you have our guide about Nosebleeds in children. Do you have any other tips to deal with this condition? Please let us know in the comments!